Mit nur drei Filmen ist James Dean zum Idol geworden und über die Jahrzehnte hinaus geblieben. Sein früher Unfalltod löste einen Kult aus, der nur mit dem. Genau ein Jahr nachdem der Hollywood-Schauspieler James Dean zur letzten Ruhe gebettet wurde, brachte der Filmkonzern Warner Brothers in New York den . denn sie wissen nicht, was sie tun ( Rebel Without a Cause) ist ein.
While struggling to get jobs in Hollywood , Dean also worked as a parking lot attendant at CBS Studios , during which time he met Rogers Brackett,  a radio director for an advertising agency, who offered him professional help and guidance in his chosen career, as well as a place to stay.
There, he worked as a stunt tester for the game show Beat the Clock , but was subsequently fired for allegedly performing the tasks too quickly.
Proud of this accomplishment, Dean referred to the Actors Studio in a letter to his family as "the greatest school of the theater. Very few get into it It is the best thing that can happen to an actor.
I am one of the youngest to belong. This summer program was also notable for featuring the song " Crazy Man, Crazy ", one of the first dramatic TV programs to feature rock and roll.
The lengthy novel deals with the story of the Trask and Hamilton families over the course of three generations, focusing especially on the lives of the latter two generations in Salinas Valley , California, from the midth century through the s.
In contrast to the book, the film script focused on the last portion of the story, predominantly with the character of Cal. Though he initially seems more aloof and emotionally troubled than his twin brother Aron, Cal is soon seen to be more worldly, business savvy, and even sagacious than their pious and constantly disapproving father played by Raymond Massey who seeks to invent a vegetable refrigeration process.
Before casting Cal, Elia Kazan said that he wanted "a Brando" for the role and Osborn suggested Dean, a relatively unknown young actor.
Dean met with Steinbeck, who did not like the moody, complex young man personally, but thought him to be perfect for the part.
Instead of running away from his father as the script called for, Dean instinctively turned to Massey and in a gesture of extreme emotion, lunged forward and grabbed him in a full embrace, crying.
Both characters are angst-ridden protagonists and misunderstood outcasts, desperately craving approval from their fathers. In recognition of his performance in East of Eden , Dean was nominated posthumously for the Academy Awards as Best Actor in a Leading Role of , the first official posthumous acting nomination in Academy Awards history.
East of Eden was the only film starring Dean that he would see released in his lifetime. Dean quickly followed up his role in Eden with a starring role as Jim Stark in Rebel Without a Cause , a film that would prove to be hugely popular among teenagers.
The film has been cited as an accurate representation of teenage angst. Due to his desire to make the scene more realistic by actually being inebriated for the take, Dean mumbled so much that director George Stevens decided the scene had to be overdubbed by Nick Adams , who had a small role in the film, because Dean had died before the film was edited.
Dean received his second posthumous Best Actor Academy Award nomination for his role in Giant at the 29th Academy Awards in for films released in Bast and Dean often double-dated with them.
He grabbed the fellow by the collar and threatened to blacken both of his eyes," she said. We used to go together to the California coast and stay there secretly in a cottage on a beach far away from prying eyes.
We would talk about ourselves and our problems, about the movies and acting, about life and life after death. We had a complete understanding of each other.
We were like Romeo and Juliet , together and inseparable. Sometimes on the beach we loved each other so much we just wanted to walk together into the sea holding hands because we knew then that we would always be together.
Kazan has been quoted saying about Dean, "He always had uncertain relations with girlfriends. Those who believed Dean and Angeli were deeply in love claim a number of forces led them apart.
Her mother said that such behavior was not acceptable in Italy. In addition, Warner Bros. The press was shocked and Dean expressed his irritation.
Gossip columnists reported that Dean watched the wedding from across the road on his motorcycle, even gunning the engine during the ceremony, although Dean later denied doing anything so "dumb.
Some, like William Bast and Paul Alexander, believe the relationship was a mere publicity stunt. Pier Angeli talked only once about the relationship in her later life in an interview, giving vivid descriptions of romantic meetings at the beach.
Dean biographer John Howlett said these read like wishful fantasies,  as Bast claims them to be. Dean was crying and allegedly told Hyams she was pregnant, with Hyams concluding that Dean believed the child might be his.
Angeli, who divorced Damone and then her second husband, the Italian film composer Armando Trovajoli , was said by friends in the last years of her life to claim that Dean was the love of her life.
She died from an overdose of barbiturates in , at the age of It was shot on location "where he lived and loved" until his death. It was the first love for both of us.
Dean also dated Swiss actress Ursula Andress. She was also seen with Dean in his sports cars, and was with him on the day he bought the car that he died in.
In , Dean became interested in developing an auto racing career. He purchased various vehicles after filming for East of Eden had concluded, including a Triumph Tiger T and a Porsche Dean achieved first place in the novice class, and second place at the main event.
His racing continued in Bakersfield a month later, where he finished first in his class and third overall.
He was unable to finish the competition due to a blown piston. Longing to return to the "liberating prospects" of motor racing, Dean was scheduled to compete at a racing event in Salinas, California on October 1—2, As the group traveled to the event via U.
Route , currently SR 46 at approximately 5: The accident was witnessed by a number of passersby who stopped to help. A woman with nursing experience attended to Dean and detected a weak pulse, but "death appeared to have been instantaneous".
By October 2, his death had received significant coverage from domestic and foreign media outlets. The coffin remained closed to conceal his severe injuries.
An estimated mourners were in attendance, while another fans gathered outside of the building during the procession. The film depicts the dilemma of a typical teenager of the time, who feels that no one, not even his peers, can understand him.
He left behind a legend. Joe Hyams says that Dean was "one of the rare stars, like Rock Hudson and Montgomery Clift , whom both men and women find sexy".
Dean has been a touchstone of many television shows, films, books and plays. It was staged by the director Robert Altman in , but was poorly received and closed after only 52 performances.
While the play was still running on Broadway, Altman shot a film adaptation that was released by Cinecom Pictures in November It was later revealed that some footage from the episode was first featured in the documentary, James Dean: Numerous commentators have asserted that Dean had a singular influence on the development of rock and roll music.
According to David R. Shumway, a researcher in American culture and cultural theory at Carnegie Mellon University, Dean was the first iconic figure of youthful rebellion and "a harbinger of youth-identity politics".
The persona Dean projected in his movies, especially Rebel Without a Cause , influenced Elvis Presley  and many other musicians who followed,  including the American rockers Eddie Cochran and Gene Vincent.
In their book, Live Fast, Die Young: The music media would often see Dean and rock as inextricably linked [ As rock and roll became a revolutionary force that affected the culture of countries around the world,  Dean acquired a mythic status that cemented his place as a rock and roll icon.
In his book, The Origins of Cool in Postwar America , Joel Dinerstein describes how Dean and Marlon Brando eroticized the rebel archetype in film,  and how Elvis Presley, following their lead, did the same in music.
Dinerstein details the dynamics of this eroticization and its effect on teenage girls with few sexual outlets.
Dean and Presley have often been represented in academic literature and journalism as embodying the frustration felt by young white Americans with the values of their parents,   and depicted as avatars of the youthful unrest endemic to rock and roll style and attitude.
The rock historian Greil Marcus characterized them as symbols of tribal teenage identity which provided an image that young people in the s could relate to and imitate.
Today, Dean is often considered an icon because of his perceived experimental take on life, which included his ambivalent sexuality.
Journalist Joe Hyams suggests that any gay activity Dean might have been involved in appears to have been strictly "for trade", as a means of advancing his career.
However, the "trade only" notion is contradicted by Bast  and other Dean biographers. But if he could get something by performing an act Rebel director Nicholas Ray is on record as saying that Dean was gay,  while author John Howlett believes that Dean was "certainly bisexual".
I think that he had very big appetites, and I think he exercised them. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the actor.
For other uses, see James Dean disambiguation. Marion, Indiana , U. Cholame, California , U. Death of James Dean. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Oppenheim 14 October The Intellectual Devotional Modern Culture: Retrieved 21 July Dean was the first to receive a posthumous Academy Award nomination for acting and is the only actor to have received two such posthumous nominations.
Gay Fandom and Crossover Stardom: Tribute to a Rebel. The Unknown James Dean. A Life in Pictures. Barnes and Noble Books. Harbin; Kim Marra; Robert A.
University of Michigan Press. Little Boy Lost , p. Retrieved March 24, Archived from the original on July 13, A Rebel with a Cause: Retrieved January 6, Archived from the original on October 6, Retrieved September 29, Movie Stars of the s.
Retrieved 5 October The Many Faces of Rebel Iconography. University of Texas Press. Meyer; Henry Veggian Roth took photographs of the accident scene which were acquired by Seita Ohnishi, a retired Japanese businessman who would later erect a memorial near the site.
The official sheriff- coroner called for an inquest, held at the council chambers in San Luis Obispo on October 11, , where Turnupseed told the jury that he did not see the low-profile Spyder until after he was turning left onto Route Although not charged with any offense, Turnupseed had nevertheless been dealt a devastating blow that would haunt him for the rest of his life.
Turnupseed went on to own and operate a very successful family electrical contracting business in Tulare. He died at the age of 63 from lung cancer in He died in July , in Kupferzell , West Germany, in another auto accident when he lost control of his car and crashed into a residence.
He was 53 years old. It featured Dean dressed as the young "Jett Rink" talking about how driving fast on the highway can be more dangerous than racing on the track.
At the end of the segment, instead of saying the catchphrase "The life you save may be your own", Dean ad-libbed the line "The life you might save might be mine ".
The coffin remained closed to conceal the severe injuries to his upper torso and face. An estimated mourners were in attendance, while another 2, fans gathered outside the church during the procession.
In , a memorial to Dean was erected in Cholame , California. The stylized sculpture is composed of stainless steel around a tree of heaven growing in front of the former Cholame post office building.
Ohnishi chose the site after examining the location of the accident, less than a mile away. The original Highway 41 and 46 junction where the accident occurred is now a pasture, and the two roadways were realigned over the decades to make them safer.
Warren Beath, a James Dean archivist and author, believes the source of the myth is George Barris , the self-described "King of the Kustomizers", who says he was the first to purchase the wrecked car.
Barris promoted the "curse" after he placed the wreck on public display in The insurance company, in turn, through a salvage yard in Burbank, sold the Spyder to a Dr.
Eschrich, who had competed against Dean in his own sports car at three race events during , dismantled the engine and mechanical parts and installed the Porsche 4-cam engine in his Lotus IX race car chassis.
At the Pomona Sports Car Races on October 21, , Eschrich, driving this car, was involved in a minor "shunt" with another driver.
Another doctor, William F. In , Barris announced that he was going to rebuild the "Little Bastard", but that proved to be a Herculean task as the wrecked chassis had no remaining integral strength.
Instead, Barris decided to weld aluminum sheet metal over the caved-in left front fender and cockpit area. He proceeded to beat on the aluminum panels with a 2x4 to try to simulate what would appear to be collision damage.
The gruesome display was promoted as: During —, the exhibit was toured in various rod and custom car shows, movie theatres, bowling alleys, and highway safety displays throughout California.
There are a few stories associated with the "curse" that can be corroborated. For example, a wire service story on March 12, , reported that the "Little Bastard", temporarily stored in a garage at Hamilton Avenue in Fresno, caught fire "awaiting display as a safety exhibit in a coming sports and custom automobile show".
However, on May 12, , The Fresno Bee , reported that the fire occurred on the night of March 11 and only slight damage occurred to the Spyder without any damage to other cars or property in the garage.
No one was injured: It burned two tires and scorched the paint on the vehicle. Legend also holds that the "Little Bastard" mysteriously disappeared in According to Barris, the Spyder was returning from a traffic safety exhibit in Florida in a sealed truck.
When the train arrived in Los Angeles , Barris said he signed the manifest and verified that the seal was intact—but the boxcar was empty.
No one came forth to claim the prize. CA Pink Slip listing the engine number, is still in the possession of the family of the late Dr.
Raskin originally documented and published all the serial numbers VINs for the Spyder chassis, engine, transmission ; as well as for his Super Speedster.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved September 21, Form Notice to Appear number D issued on that date to Dean.
Picture of yellow copy viewed October 4, San Luis Obispo Tribune. Retrieved 6 October The Many Faces of Rebel Iconography. University of Texas Press.
Celebrity Culture and the Crisis of Hollywood Cinema. The Death of James Dean. Archived from the original on October 25, Retrieved 21 December